Industry 4.0 technologies are anticipated to significantly advance industrial manufacturing sustainability. Manufacturers must convert their facility into a smart factory with comprehensive horizontal and vertical integration for this to be successful. Approximately 75% of IoT initiatives, according to the World Economic Forum, are small and medium-sized, with a focus on energy efficiency, productivity, competitiveness, cost reduction, etc. These projects can support the development of sustainable manufacturing practices by focusing on these issues. Manufacturers are aware of how industry 4.0 can help them become smart factories that are in line with sustainable objectives.
There are 4 domains of sustainable manufacturing, each with the following related goals, and practical disciplines:
- Manufacturing technologies – with an emphasis on the facilities and machinery, production engineering, factory planning, and operations management are related fields.
- Product lifecycles – with an emphasis on the design of the products and services; engineering design is a related discipline.
- Value creation networks with an emphasis on corporate organizations and manufacturing networks; business economics and knowledge management are related fields.
- Studies about the effects of manufacturing on society, the environment, and the economy are the main topic of this section on global manufacturing impacts (transition mechanisms towards sustainable manufacturing).
As the technology underpinning 5G has progressed, so has the understanding of the technology’s complexity. The famous triangle that highlighted 5G’s three primary benefits —With the current awareness of Global Warming & the entry of Industry 4.0 helps manufacturers achieve the goal of Sustainable Manufacturing. As Automation is the biggest key to Industry 4.0, it helps manufacturers get results on a real-time basis. Which in return helps the manufacturer understand if there is any fault in the process of manufacturing. This helps, in identifying the issue in real-time and avoids the wastage of misproduced products.
Today with this model, many manufacturers are choosing their path to Green Manufacturing, by maintaining sustainable principles.